Traumatic Brain Injury Attorneys

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Traumatic Brain Injury Attorneys

A head injury, or traumatic brain injury (TBI), is any type of trauma to the head that results in an injury to the skull, brain or scalp. Trauma is the leading cause of death in the United States for people between the ages of 1 and 44, and it is the third leading cause of death overall.

When hiring a personal injury attorney to represent a person who has suffered a traumatic head injury, it is necessary that the attorney have knowledge of head injuries. The team of attorneys at Epperly & Follis, P.C., located in downtown Richmond, Virginia, has handled head injury cases, and understands the unique problems of a head injury victim.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

man suffering after a traumatic brain injury and need an attorneyBrain injuries can range from mild to severe, and can be classified as closed-head injuries, or open-head injuries. An open-head injury is when the object that has made contact with the head breaks through the skill and enters the brain. Statistics show that there are approximately 1.5 million brain injuries reported each year in the United States, and of those, approximately 52,000 in death.

Many head injuries could have been prevented, but because of the negligence of someone else, a personal injury results.

The most common types of brain injuries are:

  • Concussion: an alteration of consciousness, transient or prolonged, due to a blow to the head that may be followed by transient amnesia, vertigo, nausea, and weak pulse.
  • Anoxic brain injury: caused when the oxygen supply to the brain is cut off.
  • Traumatic brain injury: results from rapid acceleration and deceleration of the brain, including shearing (tearing) of nerve fibers, contusion (bruising) of the brain tissue against the skull, brain stem injuries, and edema (swelling).

Will I Be Able To Recover Damages?

Car accidents are the leading cause of brain injuries in the U.S., and most of the accidents are due to negligence. If negligence is the cause, the victim may be entitled to recover damages, including all current and future medical costs, property damage, pain and suffering, loss of current and future earnings, loss of enjoyment and in some cases, punitive damages.

What Are the Symptoms of a Brain Injury?

While many accidents do not result in death or serious injury, other accidents dramatically affect victims for the rest of their lives. The long-term effects of a traumatic brain or head injury can include cognitive deficits, reduction in motor skills and physical deficits, which can include walking, balance and coordination, fine motor skills and strength.

Cognitive deficits include difficulty in language and communication, information processing, memory and perceptual skills. Many victims exhibit changes in their personality (such as mood swings) and major lifestyle changes. Loss of short- and long-term memory can often result from head injuries. Other symptoms that affect a brain injury victim might include emotional problems, speech complications, loss of sensations, seizures, paralysis, coma or even death.

woman having a bad headache who is represented by a tbi attorney due to her injuries

After a brain injury, doing things that once seemed easy become extremely difficult. A great deal of mental effort is usually required to do things that once required little or no effort before the injury. Work, school and personal relationships suffer. The injured party often becomes less efficient at their job and they become unpredictable, unreliable, and sometimes violent.

We Are Here to Help

Through experience and education, the attorneys of Epperly & Follis, P.C. are able to evaluate traumatic brain injuries and successfully pursue claims on behalf of the injured plaintiff. It is always important to consult with an attorney regarding brain injury cases. There are many times when a victim may not be aware of their legal rights, but Epperly & Follis, P.C. lawyers will investigate the facts and determine whether or not you have a right to compensation, and in most cases you will have that right. Additionally, depending on the extent of your injury, you may have a right to public or private benefits such as Social Security disability, Medicare, or private disability insurance payments.

At Epperly & Follis, P.C., our attorneys concentrate on catastrophic personal injury cases against major defendants such as nursing homes, hospitals, insurance companies, product manufacturers, corporations and municipalities. We do not approach our cases as mere jobs, but as causes in which larger issues are at stake – causes in which our firm’s lawyers invest personal dedication to see that justice is done. We can help you make informed decisions, so please contact the traumatic brain injury law firm at Epperly & Follis, P.C. in Richmond, Virginia at 1-888-703-0109 or (804) 648-6480, or contact us via our online Contact Form.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many people suffer a brain injury each year?

It is estimated that 8 million people sustain brain injuries each year in the United States. At least 2 million of those injured will be permanently impaired. After a brain injury, things that once were easy and familiar become strange and difficult. The injured party often becomes less efficient at their job and their livelihood is jeopardized.

What are cerebral contusions?

Cerebral contusions are bruises on the brain caused by the brain striking the wall of the skull. A severe contusion will involve swelling of the brain. If swelling is severe, these injuries can cause a severe headache, dizziness, and vomiting. One pupil may be larger than the other. Depending on which area of the brain is damaged, the ability to think, control emotions, move, feel, speak, see, hear, and remember may be impaired. The person may become irritable, restless, or agitated.

What types of medical exams are conducted to determine a brain injury?

Patients with brain injury require frequent assessments and diagnostic tests. These include:

  • Neurological Exam: A series of questions and simple commands to see if the patient can open their eyes, move, speak, and understand what is going on around them.
  • X-ray: A picture that looks at bones to see if they are broken (fractured).
  • CT scan (CAT scan): An X-ray that takes pictures of the brain or other parts of the body.
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) Scan: A large magnet and radio waves are used, instead of X-rays, to take pictures of the tissues of the body.
  • Angiogram: A test to look at the blood vessels in the brain. Using a catheter, dye is put into an artery that supplies blood to the brain. This test can tell if the blood vessels are damaged.
What happens after a brain injury?

After a brain injury, a variety of other damages may occur including:

  • Hematoma (epidural, subdural and/or intracerebral)
  • Brain swelling/edema
  • Increased intracranial pressure
  • Cerebral vasospasm
  • Intracranial infection
  • Epilepsy
How is a brain injury diagnosed?

If there is evidence of gross damage to the brain, such as hemorrhaging, swelling or contusions, these physical findings are detected by CT scan or MRI. Where the damage is minimal, a diagnosis is made by obtaining a history from the patient, the symptoms reported by the patient and the results of neuropsychological testing.

Who is at most risk for sustaining a brain injury?

Anyone can incur a brain injury. However, statistics show that males are two times more likely than females to sustain a brain injury. The highest rates of brain injury typically occur in males ages 15-24. Individuals who have already sustained a brain injury are also at an increased risk of sustaining another brain injury.

What are some of the side effects of brain injury?

Cognitive effects:

  • Short term memory loss
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Difficulty with communication
  • Spatial disorientation
  • Impaired judgment
  • Unable to do more than one thing at a time

Physical effects:

  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Double vision or blindness
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Speech impairments
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Balance problems
  • Pain

Emotional effects:

  • Difficulty completing tasks
  • Increased anxiety
  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • Impulsive behavior
What are the most common causes of brain injury?
  • Motor vehicle crashes – roughly 1/2 of all injuries
  • Firearm-related incidents
  • Slips and falls
  • Violence-related injuries – abuse, Shaken Baby Syndrome
  • Recreational Accidents – bicycle falls, playground equipment falls, all-terrain vehicle accidents
What is a traumatic brain injury?

Traumatic brain injury is an injury to the brain caused by an external physical force. This force may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness, resulting in an impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning. It can also result in the disturbance of behavioral or emotional functioning.

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